Relax liability for infringers
Patent liability is strict liability. This means that all a patent holder must do is show that a defendant practices its invention, not that the defendant had any intention to infringe, or even any knowledge that the patent existed. The law, in its current form, allows trolls to target anyone who allegedly infringes.
Congress should pass a law letting alleged infringers avoid liability when they can show that they independently arrived at the invention they practice. If inventors can’t understand a patent, then they, as a matter of logic, cannot copy it. Likewise, if inventors don’t know about a patent, they cannot copy it. An innocent infringer defense would protect those inventors and, consequently, shut down a major revenue stream for the trolls.